, March 12, 1912, Springfield, MA) was one of the most diverse and talented arrangers and conductors of the '40s and '50s, moving from mainstream swing and jazz to instrumental easy listening pop in the course of his career. Though he began his career playing hard swing,
is the father of mood music -- lush, relaxing instrumental orchestral pop designed to provide a soundtrack to everyday events like romance and dining. Originally,
was an economics major at Dartmouth. While he was a student, he became fascinated with jazz, particularly swing, and began playing in various college bands. Soon, he decided to pursue a career in music.
became known as a vocal arranger. His work with Rudy Vallee
brought him to national attention. After arranging for Vallee
, he attempted to work with Bing Crosby
, but the results were unsuccessful. Following the failed Crosby
became an arranger for Tommy Dorsey
, which is where he made his reputation. While with Dorsey
, he wrote jumping, swinging charts for the band and vocalists like Dinah Shore
and Jo Stafford
, whom he would marry in the mid-'40s.Weston
became the A&R director for Capitol Records in 1944, when the label was just beginning. Though he continued to write fast swing charts for a time, Weston
noticed that the tastes of the public were beginning to move toward gentler material, so he adjusted his music accordingly. Weston
released his first album of mood music, Music for Dreaming
, in 1945. Music for Dreaming
was decidedly calmer than his previous work, though there was a subtle swing driving the subdued music. The album was a major success, and Weston
continued to record albums of smooth, string-laden music for the next five years. By 1950, the term "mood music" had been adopted by the press to describe this style of instrumental pop.Weston
left Capitol Records in 1950 for Columbia Records, where he continued to record albums of instrumental mood music. He also continued to write arrangements and conduct sessions for artists like Sarah Vaughan
, Ella Fitzgerald
, Dinah Shore
, and Doris Day
. By the end of the decade, he had returned to Capitol Records, where he stayed throughout the '60s.
During this time, he and Jo Stafford
recorded a handful of albums as Jonathan & Darlene Edwards
. The Jonathan & Darlene
albums were comedy records that parodied nightclub acts; on each record Stafford
sang offkey and Weston
horridly played out of time and out of key.
In the early '70s, Weston
both retired. The couple began a reissue label, Corinthian Records, in the early '90s which released CD versions of their music.